The city has four gates-the Sunam, Patiala, Dhuri and Nabha gates, each named after
the neighbouring town located in that direction. Beautiful gardens and shops surround
the city. The most attractive place in the city is the Banasar Garden with marble
baradari in the centre of the swimming tanks. The baradari has a beautiful bridge
and marble gate. The rulers of Jind State used to spend their summers here. It presents
a splendid view during moonlit nights due to reflections in water surrounding it.
A well planned Banesar Garden in the north of the city with an attractive marble
baradari is a popular picnic spot. There is also a mini zoo in the Banasar Garden.
Adjacent to Banasar, there is another important building known as Diwankhana. Here,
Raja of Jind used to hold Darbar during the princely times. At present there is a
beautiful museum wherein weapons and other important articles belonging to princely
times have been displayed. The splendour of Diwankhana and Baradari convinces one
of the high attainments in the field of art and architecture during princely times.
The local marble baradari is a protected monument under the Punjab Ancient and Historical
Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act-1964. Rulers of the erstwhile
Jind state made this beautiful more than 200-year-old baradari. The Baradari Gardens,
surrounding the Baradari Palace in the north of the city, were set up by the then
Maharaja Rajinder Singh, who had brought and planted rare saplings and trees apart
for setting up a typical 19th century fern house and a rock garden. With the passage
of time, the Baradari gardens had such a huge popularity in the northern part of
the country that people from distant areas flocked to Patiala.
Situated on a high platform in the middle of the tank in the local Banasar garden,
it has a spacious hall, having several doors on its four sides, besides four marble
domes on four sides and one small bathing tank in its complex. There are eight smaller
"baradaris" all around the tank probably meant for chowkidars. The structure is decorated
with profusely carved marble slabs in the form of jalis. For the visitors, there
are stairs to reach the roof of the baradari to enjoy the beauty of the Banasar garden.
Gurudwara Nankiana Sahib About 5 km from Nabha Gate, Sangrur, is situated. It is said
that Shri Guru Nanak Dev, the first Sikh Guru and Shri Hargobind, the 6th Sikh Guru,
visited this place. It is said that Shri Guru Nanak Dev wrote Aarti at this place.
Further it is believed that Shri Guru Hargobind tied his horse with the karir tree
plant. The karir tree/plant, now known as Karir Sahib is still there on the top of
the gurudwara. A large number of people visit this place.
Sunam is a tehsil and sub division of the Sangrar District. The history of Sunam
goes back to the Vedic period, when its name was Surajpur. The Saraswati River is
believed to have flowed by it The modern town was built within the walls of an old
fort into which its inhabitants were driven to take refuge. It is divided into two
parts, one in the citadel of the fort and the other on the lowland around it. Though
now of little importance, Sunam has played a significant part in the history of the
Punjab after the Muhammdan invasion ; Al-Baruni mentions it as a famous place of
that period. 'Sunam' in Sanskrit means auspicious name, but some say that it was
named after Sona, a Gujari, who guided Muhammad of Ghor to conquer the fort of Bathinda
and asked him to give Sunam as her reward. Others accepta derivation from Sunam,
which in Arabic means the hump of a camel.When Qutb-ud-Din Aibak saw that the place
had this shape he named it Sunam, but this etymology is untenable, as the town is
said to have assumed its present shape only after Taimur's invasion (AD 1398).Sunam
was held by Hindu Rajas till conquered by Muhammad of Ghor. Sultan Shams-ud-Din Altmash
gave it to his page Sher Khan in Jagir. Ghais-ud-Din Balban gave it to Timar Khan,
with Samana,(now in Patiala District), on the death of his cousin Sher Khan, andsubsequently
conferred it on his own son Bughra Khan. Under Muhammad Shah Tughlaq, its dependent
tribe revolted. Firoz Shah brought a canal through Sirhind and Mansurpur to the town
in 1360, and in 1398 Taimur attacked it. It is an ancient site, and by digging 40
or 50 feet deep, statues, big bricks and bones are found. In the time of Akbar, it
was a Pargana of Sirhind. During Muslim rule, Sunam was a centre I of politics like
Samana and Sirhind (now in Patiala District).
Baba Ala Singh, the founder of the erstwhile Patiala State, had won this town from
Akbar's courtier Abul Fazal has recorded in his Ain-i-Akbari that Emperor Akbar often
came to Sunam on hunting expeditions.
The town was famous for its seat of learning Dar-ul-Uloom where theology was taught
to Muslims drawn from far and near. Sunam is the birth place of the great martyr
Udham Singh who shot dead Sir Michael O' Dyer on 13 March 1940 in London and took
revenge from him of the 1919 Jalianwala Bagh massacre at Amritsar. Later on, Udham
Singh was hanged on death by British authorities on 31 July 1940 on which date every
year a Shaheedi Mela is held at Sunam with great enthusiasm to pay homage to the
great Indian martyr. In the memory of Shaheed Udham Singh, his statue has been installed
in the town.
Ahmedgarh is an important agricultural market. The main crops brought to this market
are paddy and wheeat. Being close to two industrial towns of Malerkotla and Ludhiana,
a number of small-scale industries are being set up in and aroung this town too.
khurpas, kahis and daties and a few modern agricultural implements manufactured here
are well known in the area.
Situated in the Sangrur Tehsil on the Malerkotla-Sangrur road, village Akoi lies
about 5 km north of Sangrur, the district headquarters.
In the village, there is a gurudwara said to be associated -with the visits of Guru
Nanak Dev, Guru Hargobind and Guru Tegh Bahadur, the first, sixth and ninth Sikh
Gurus respectively. It is said that Guru Nanak Dev visited this place after visiting
Nankiana. The sixth Guru, Guru Hargobind also stayed here about seven months. He
blessed the place that milk will be available here in abundance, and his words are
proving true. Guru Tegh Bahadur, the ninth Sikh Guru is also said to have visited
this place on the way to Delhi.
Maharaja Hira Singh of erstwhile princely state of Nabha, constructed the building
of the gurudwara.
Badrukhan is believed to be the birth place of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Raj Kaur,daughter
of Gajpat Singh gave birth of Maharaja Ranjit Singh on 13 November 1780 here. Maharaja
Hira Singh of Nabha was also born here, Lieutenant General (Retd.) Harbaksh Singh
(Vir Chakra).Badrukhan is about 5 km from Sangrur, the district heaquarters, on Sangrur-Barnala
road. There are two versions about the nomenclature of the village. One is that it
was named after Badru, a pandit of this village, by Raja Gajpat Singh. In the village,
there exists a smadh of Baba Guddar Shah who is said to have taken out the body of
Raj Kaur, daughter of Maharaja Gajpat Singh buried in the large earthen vessel. Maharaja
Gajpat Singh distributed large sweet thick cake of bread. Every year on the anniversary
of Baba Guddar Shah, large sweet thick bread is baked and distributed as prasad.
Bagrian was given to Bhais of the village by Bhikhan Khan, the Raw of Materkotla
State, but it was captured by Britishers as the Sikhs of Bagrian were not in favour
of the British.There is a fort at Bagrian which was built by S. Arjan Singh in the
begining of the 20th-century. The Bhais still run langar (free kitchen) hen daily;
This tradition of langer was started from the time of Sri Hargobind the sixth Guru.
For the preparation of langar wet fuel is used. It is said that the sixth Guru blessed
that even wet fuel would work.
ln the fort a gurudwara has been built whose design and size is that of Golden Temple.
Bhawanigarh was originally known as Dhodan, the name having been lent to it by Jats
of Dhodan, a sub-clan of Bajha clan .As tradition has it, a sheep at the shrine of
goddess Bhawani defended itself against two wolves, during the days of Baba Ala Singh
who was prevailed upon by a sadhu to build on the spot a fort and name it Bhawanigarh.
The fort was constructed in 1754.
Lehragaga consists of two villages, Lehra and Gaga. A gurudwara exists at Gaga which
is associated with the visit of Guru Tegh Bahadur the ninth Sikh Guru, on his way
to Delhi.In Lehragaga, monkeys are found in abundance but they are not killed by
the people. It is also called 'Lehra Bandran da'. The main crops in the area are
wheat, cotton, groundnut and bajra Paddy is also grown but in less quantity.
Bhai Mani Singh, to secrifies his life by getting the joints of his body cut by
the Muslim Rulers hailed from his place. A Gurudwara has been built here where a
fair is held on Maghar 27th (November-December) for 3 days to commemorate the martyrdom
of Bhai Mani Singh. Sr. Bhagwan Singh who was one of the founders of Praja Mandal,
was the resident of Longowal. He sacrifices his life for liberation of oppressed
people of the princely state. Longowal is also the birth place of Giani Gian Singh
, A noted Sikh Historian. At Longowal, a class III municipal committee is functioning
since September 1956.
Known earlier as Lalgarh, lies 18 KM south-west of Sangrur on the Sangrur-Barnala
road, It falls in the Sangrur Tehsil. This Town was founded by Baba Ala Singh, the
founder of the Patiala Estate.
Bhai Mani Singh, to secrifies his life by getting the joints of his body cut by the
Muslim Rulers hailed from his place. A Gurudwara has been built here where a fair
is held on Maghar 27th (November-December) for 3 days to commemorate the martyrdom
of Bhai Mani Singh.
Sr. Bhagwan Singh who was one of the founders of Praja Mandal, was the resident of
Longowal. He sacrifices his life for liberation of oppressed people of the princely
state. Longowal is also the birth place of Giani Gian Singh , A noted Sikh Historian.
At Longowal, a class III municipal committee is functioning since September 1956.
It is named after Mastu, a Jatt, to donated his forest land to the Saint. Sant Baba
Atar Singh constructed a Gurdwara, Gur Sagar and a Tank hare. He also started a high
school hare. Sant Baba Atar Singh was cremated here a big congregation his held on
3rd July every year.