Sangrur is said to have been founded by Sanghu, a jat, about 400 years ago and
named after him. Then it was chosen as his capital in 1827 by Raja Sangat Singh,
as it was close to Patiala and Nabha, the headquaters of the other two Phulkian States.
Sangrur was the winter capital of the princely Jind State (Khunga Kothi, a place
on the left bank of a canal near Jind was its summer capital). Originally this City
belonged to Nabha State but later on the Raja of Jind snatched it from Nabha state.
The town was later on developed into a beautiful city. Raja Raghbir Singh constructed
a bazar on the lines of Jaipur town (Rajasthan) with pucca shops, gardens, tanks,
temples and other public and religious buildings; a metalled road was also constructed
around the city. He also constructed gurudwaras and mandirs on all the gates.
Shahid Udham Singh, born on the soil of Sunam in Sangrur District, who played a commendable
role in the freedom struggle along with many other heroes of this district and the
country as a whole. Udham Singh was born on 26 December 1899 at Sunam. As ill luck
would have it, both Udham Singh and his brother Sadhu Singh became orphans at a very
tender age. One Chanda Singh, a resident of Sunam, took mercy on them and got them
admitted to an orphanage in Putlighar (Amritsar). When Udham Singh was being brought
up at the orphanage and receiving his education; the whole environment in the country
was surcharged with revolutionary fervour. This type of atmosphere stirred up the
revolutionary in Udham Singh to earn him a place of pride in history. The Jallianwala
Bagh Tragedy on Baisakhi day in 1919 resulting in massacre of thousands of innocent
people at the hands of General Dyer further hightened his resolve to play a significant
role in the freedom struggle of the country. He resolved to avenge the death of thousands
of his innocent compatriots who had gathered only to demand independence for their
country at a public meeting.
In order to fulfill the cherished mission of his life, Sardar Udham Singh managed
to reach England in 1923. But he had to leave England as he was recalled by Sardar
Bhagat Singh to India. He took an active part in the anti-British activities at Lahore
and as such was awarded rigorous imprisonment for the a period of four years. After
his release in 1932, he again reached England to fulfil his mission. By this time,
General Dyre had died of paralysis. Sir Michael O' Dwyer and Lord Jetland, the other
two responsible for Jallianwala Bagh Tragedy were to participate in the seminar to
be arranged in Caxter Hall on 13 March 1940, as representatives of Central Asian
Society and East Indian Association. The hall was packed to the full and Sardar Udham
Singh managed to reach near the stage. When Sir Michael O' Dwyer returned to his
seat after delivering a very emotional speech, he was shot dead by Udham Singh, who
did not attempt to run from the scene, but he voluntarily offered himself for arrest
in order to warn the British Government against excesses with the Indian people.
This daring step of Sardar Udham Singh gave a new spirit to the young revolutionaries
of the country. Though Sardar Udham Singh was hanged on 31 July 1940, on the charge
of murder, his spirit continued to inspire the minds of freedom loving people of
this country. The remains of this great martyr were brought to Sunam, his home town
on 31 July 1974 from England and were finally cremated with full State honours. In
order to pay the deepest homage to Shahid Udham Singh, a memorial has also been raised
Prior to the partition of the country, Sangrur as headquarter of the Princely State
of Jind. It was made a district only on 20 August 1948 when PEPSU (Patiala and East
Punjab State Union) was created. It then comprised Sangrur, sanam, Narwana and jind
tahsils. The district went under a territorial change when Barnala District was merged
in it on 1 September 1953. It then had five tehsils viz. Sangrur, Malerkotla, Barnala,
Jind and Narwana. The PEPSU was merged with the Punjab State on 1 November 1956.
On reorganization of the State of Punjab on 1 November 1966, the district underwent
a further territorial change. Jind and Narwana tahsils were allocated to the newly
created Haryana State. Tahsil Sunam, which was degraded to a sub-tahsil at the time
of merger of Barnala District, was again made a tahsil in 1970. Since then, it comprises
four tahsils, viz. Barnala, Malerkotla, Sangrur and Sunam.
Send in your photos
Please send your pictures for the Picture of the week Contest at email@example.com
Banks in Sangrur
Most of the banks in Sangrur provide Automated teller machine facility for the convenience
of the customers. Through the ATM facility the customers can withdraw money 24 hours.
Some of the banks also offer credit card and debit card facility. The Banks also
provide loan to the agriculturists and landless agricultural laborers who need money.
Internet banking is another facility catered by the banks, which has made the whole
process of banking very convenient. Some of the banks have introduced core banking
which has resulted in the operation of banking process easier all over India.
Phone and Communication
Sangrur is connected to world through very good Landline and Wireless communication
There are various land line and Wireless Phone service providers like BSNL,Airtel,Spice,Hutch,Reliance
and Vodaphone .Most of the mobile (cell phone) services have good range in all the
The climate of this district is on the whole dry except during the brief south-west
monsoon season. The year may be divided into four seasons. The cold season is from
the middle of November to early part of March. The succeeding period upto the end
of June in the summer season, July, August and first half of September constitute
the South-West monsoon season. The period from middle September to the middle of
November is the post monsoon or transition period.
The summer season sets in April and lasts up to end of June, to be taken over by
the rainy season (during which time it becomes hot and humid). The rainy season sets
in the beginning of July and lasts up till September's end. The winter season starts
after the rains are over from October and lasts up until March's end. May and June
are the hottest months of the year in Sangrur (during which time mercury is known
to cross 45 °C).