The town is said to have been founded by a Raja called Rokeshar who ruled in the
11th century and named Rupnagar after his son Rup Sen . The recent excavations carried
out at Rupnagar have proved that this town was the seat of well developed Indus Valley
Civilization . In proto - Historic Punjab perhaps Rupnagar is the only known excavation
site which can claim the status of a small town or city . The founds in recent excavations
consists of earthen bares, statues, coins, etc. That proves that the city dates back
to Harrappa - Mohanjodharo civilization which crossed Satluj river. Many of them
settled at this place. In the excavations many things founded belongs to Chandra
Gupta, Kushan, Hoon and Mughal period. One of rare finds is a seal of Marble on which
there are three letters engraved in Sindhi script. One of the finds is the statue
of a woman dressing her hair. All these proves that even the people living in this
town 4000 years, hence were fully civilized and well cultured.
Many historians are of the view that when the first man descended from the mountains
in the North to plains, he settled down at Ropar. A Mount is still preserved by the
Archeology Department at Ropar. S. Hari Singh Rais of Sialba conquered Ropar in 1763
A.D. and established his state . His son Charat Singh made Ropar capital of the state
After the fall of Sirhind in 1763, Rupnagar came under the sikhs Chief Hari Singh.
The most famous ruler of Ropar state was Raja Bhup Singh , who fought in the anglo-sikhs
war of 1945. on the side of Maharaja Dalip Singh, the minor successor of Maharaja
Ranjit Singh , against the British. Consequently, after the victory of the British,
Ropar state of Raja Bhup Singh was confiscated.
The history of Ropar district is in fact the war of Guru Gobind Singh Ji against
Mughal tyranny, exploiters and social evils. It is here in this district at Sarsa
Nangal that the great Guru parted with the family and proceeded to Chamkaur Sahib
where two elder Sahibzadas laid down their lives fighting for truth and Guru Sahib
left for Machhiwara on a constant struggle.
The other important historical place in this District is Kiratpur Sahib situated
on the banks of the river Satluj. This town was established by 6th Guru Shri Guru
Har Gobind Singh Ji after buying Land from Raja Tara Chand of Kehloor through Baba
Gurditta Ji. It is said that Guru Nanak Dev Ji made a professy regarding the establishment
of this place. It is here at this place that Guru Nanak Dev Ji met saint Buddan Shah
in a Jungle. It is here in Sheeshmahal that Guru Hargobind Sahib stayed from Sammat
1691 till the end came. Shri Guru Har Rai Ji and Shri Guru Harikrishan Ji were also
born at this place and they were blessed with Guru Gaddi at this place. It is here
at Gurdwara Patalpuri Sahib that Sikhs from all over the world immerse the ashes
after death. Even the Babhuti of Shri Hari Krishan Ji was brought form Delhi and
established at this place. About a half-mile away form Kiratpur Sahib the Takia of
Saint Buddan Shah is situated.
Anandpur Sahib, a historical town in this district was founded by 9th Guru of Sikhs
Shri Guru Teg Bahadar Ji after buying Land in Village Makowal in 1723 A.D. It is
at this place that the great 9th Guru performed perance to commemorate the gurudwara
Bhaura Sahib built at Anandpur Sahib . It is also here at Anandpur Sahib that Kashmiri
Pandits approached 9th Guru to save them from Mughal Tyranny. Acceding their request
on the motivation of Guru Gobind Singh Ji , Shri Guru Teg Bahadar Ji left for Delhi
to make Supreme Sacrifice. At Anandpur Sahib the great 10th Guru of Sikhs Shri Guru
Gobind Singh Ji spent his early age . It is here that the great Guru mastered the
use of arms in Kila Anandgarh Sahib.
Further it was at Anandpur Sahib in Rupnagar District that Shri Guru Gobind Singh
Ji created Khalsa in 1699 on Baisakhi Day and brought about a cultural revolution.
It was the most important landmark in the history of sikhs. The Khalsa created by
Guru Gobind Singh Ji later on acquired the sovereign power of Punjab under Maharaja
Ranjit Singh . The creation of Khalsa at Anandpur Sahib is the most important event
not only in history of Rupnagar district, but also in the history of the sikhs and
Punjab. Gurudwara Keshgarh Sahib at Anandpur Sahib still commemorates the memory
of the historical event as Guru created Khalsa at this place.
Another most important landmark historic event had been added to the history of the
district, when in April 1999, 300th Birth of Khalsa was celebrated at Anandpur Sahib.
Besides lacs of people from all walks of life from all over of the world, heads,
important religious, social, political and administrative personalities participated
in the Tercentenary functions and paid obesance at Gurudwara Takhat Shri Keshgarh
Sahib. Historic City of Anandpur Sahib has been developed as tourist center. Khalsa
heritage Memorial complex is being constructed.
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Banks in Rupnagar
Most of the banks in Rupnagar provide Automated teller machine facility for the convenience
of the customers. Through the ATM facility the customers can withdraw money 24 hours.
Some of the banks also offer credit card and debit card facility. The Banks also
provide loan to the agriculturists and landless agricultural laborers who need money.
Internet banking is another facility catered by the banks, which has made the whole
process of banking very convenient. Some of the banks have introduced core banking
which has resulted in the operation of banking process easier all over India.
Rupnagar is connected to world through very good Landline and Wireless communication
There are various land line and Wireless Phone service providers like BSNL,Airtel,Spice,Hutch,Reliance
and Vodaphone .Most of the mobile (cell phone) services have good range in all the
The climate of this district is on the whole dry except during the brief south-west
monsoon season. The year may be divided into four seasons. The cold season is from
the middle of November to early part of March. The succeeding period upto the end
of June in the summer season, July, August and first half of September constitute
the South-West monsoon season. The period from middle September to the middle of
November is the post monsoon or transition period.
The summer season sets in April and lasts up to end of June, to be taken over by
the rainy season (during which time it becomes hot and humid). The rainy season sets
in the beginning of July and lasts up till September's end. The winter season starts
after the rains are over from October and lasts up until March's end. May and June
are the hottest months of the year in Rupnagar (during which time mercury is known
to cross 45 °C).