Punjabi culture is one of the oldest and richest cultures of the world. The scope,
history, sophistication and complexity of the culture are vast.The Punjabi Culture
is the culture of the Punjabi people who are now distributed throughout the world.
The scope, history, sophistication and complexity of the culture are vast. Some of
the main areas include, Punjabi Philosophy, poetry, spirituality, education, artistry,
music, cuisine, science, technology, military warfare, architecture, traditions,
values and history.Culture of Punjab is one of the distinctive cultures found anywhere
around the globe. The Punjabi culture is renowned for various reasons. There is an
exclusiveness and vivacity in the lifestyle of the Punjabi people. The state of Punjab
is located in north-west India, which is rinsed by five rivers.
The People of Punjab are friendly, hospitable, hardworking
and relish living. This is due to the fact that it usually bore the onslaught of
attackers a number of times. In time people became to live in their present times
by enjoying life. And soon eating became a part of their joys of life. There is a
verse to epitomise their colourful nature.Punjabi songs are full of melody. The beats
of drum (dhol) and the rhythm of the steel spoon on the dholak is a simple style
but adds to the exuberance of Punjabi music. The dance styles of Punjab has more
flavor with its bhangra, giddha, kikli and sammi.
Dance and songs are very much compulsory during get togethers and festivals. The
festivals of Punjab makes the culture more interesting. Bhangra” is one of the most
famous dance forms of Punjab. With the loud drumming of the dholak, people dance
with zeal to the tunes of the music. “Giddha” is another important variant of dance
practiced by Punjabi women. Bolis are lyrically sung and danced by women. Other popular
dance forms are Jhumar, Dhankara and Gatka. Irrespective of age or religion, Punjabis
love to dance and enjoy themselves to mark festivity. Folk music is the soul of Punjabi
culture. Folk music comprises of simple musical instruments like dholak and dhol
drum. Punjabi music relates to the zestful people of Punjab. Bhangra is a popular
music form of Punjab. Boliyas are sung and music is played in tune with the lyrics.
Punjabi songsat the wedding range from emotional interludes to very peppy beats,
where there is a constant chiding of the bride and groom. A sense of humor is essential
to enjoy the wedding songs.
The traditional attire of people is Kurta-pyjama with turban for men. Women prefer
Patiala suits as part of their traditional attire. However, the younger generation
prefers trendy attire as per the fashion scenario. The NRI population has been a
major influece regarding attire of the Punjabis. There is a riot of colors in the
pagdi-turban and phulkari dupattas, that comes out during the Baisakhi festival.
The traditional dress of the Punjabis comprising of the salwar-kameez for women and
lehenga-kurta with a waistcoast has many colors and styling. Turban styles can be
explored and is compulsory for all Sikhs.Duppatta-a part of Punjabi dress- has very
much importance in the life of Punjabi girls. The Duppatta increases elegance and
gravity of the Punjabi women. As it is a part of Salwaar Kameez- a Punjabi dress-
the dress is incomplete without a duppatta. One can purchase fashionable duppattas
from the markets of Punjab. Some of the fashion shows are also being organized in
Punjab, which showcase influence the importance of the duppatta in Punjabi life.
Punjabis are known for their keen interest in dress sense and up to date fashion
essentials. They love to participate in all events and are sportive by nature. The
balance is well maintained by yielding to western influences of pop culture in their
bhangra beats and showing allegiance to God in the chants of Gurbani.
Punjabis are renowned for their utmost interest in arts and crafts. Art and craft
of Punjab- Punjab art is described as a creation or expression of something beautiful
especially in visual form and many a time in Art and craft. Many phrases have decorative
designs and handicrafts. Many things which are associated with art and craft of Punjab
are known all over the world for their quality and beauty.Women used to weave wollen
attire for everybody in the family. “Phulkari” is recognized worldwide for its intricate
work. Shawls in silk are carefully hand-woven using traditional motifs as designs.
Other famous crafts of the region include lacquer work, wooden work, Calico painting,
paper mache` and many more. Wooden furniture is beautifully crafted by artisans with
Museums in Punjab-Punjab museums possess an extensive range of paintings and sculptures
by many Indian artists as well as a collection of Indian miniatures of the Mughal
Rajsathani, Pahari and Sikh schools. The museums also house a fine collection of
medals and arm, as these are objects of princely states with sections on Archaeology,
Anthropology, Tribal and folk arts depicting different concepts and scopes in the
patterns of Art and Culture. Punjab also has leading academic institutions and scope
for education. The main occupation is agriculture which is well irrigated and abounds
with produce specific to the season. The state is self sufficient and there is a
great deal of effort by the Punjabis to maintain their culture.
Punjabi Rural games played by kids:
These games are being played by Punjabi kids from centuries:
Stapoo This is a game played both by the girls and boys. It is still common amongst
some of the children. This game is played with in small boundary (court), drawn on
the ground and a piece of stone.
Kikli This is another game, basically for women. Two girls clasp their hands and move
in circle. This was a game, which was played by two or four girls and multiple of
Kikli kleer di, Pag mere vir de, Daupatta mere bhai da Phitte mun jawai da
Kokla Chhapaki This game is popular even today amongst the children. Both boys and
girls play it. Children sit in a circles and a child who has cloth in hand goes around
the circle-singing: It is a kind of warning for the children sitting in a circle
not to look back. The cloth is then dropped at the back of a child. If it is discovered
before the child who had placed it there had completed the round, the child who discovered
the cloth would run after him and try to touch him with it till he sits in the place
vacated by the one who had discovered the cloth.
Lukan Miti (Hide & Seek) This was also played by both boys and girls and continues
to this day. Two teams can also play this. One has to hide, the other has to seek
but before doing it a call is given.This can continue the next coming days.
This game is also very popular in villages of Punjab.This is played between severals
kids,in this game One Key player(bandar) is tied to killa(pole) and then all the
other players place their chappals(hawaian sandal) near the pole and the key Player
(Bandar) has to protect those sandals from all the players .And during this competition
if the key player touches other player then that player becomes key player(bandar)
and the game goes on ....
This game refreshes the charming memories of one’s childhood and it takes one back
to the golden period of his/her life. There is a big trend of this game in the villages
of Punjab. The game does not require any special equipment except for a rubber ball
and few kids. In this game the person having the ball tries to throw ball at the
other players back.
This game is also an exclusive part of the culture of Punjab. The game refreshes
the charming memories of one’s childhood and it takes one back to the golden period
of his/her life. There is a big trend of this game in the villages of Punjab. The
game does not require any special equipment except for a rubber ball and five-six
flat disc stones. The importance of the game is that it generates a lot of team spirit
and co-ordination among the young children.
This game is very popular among the village kids of punjab.In this game players draw
a circle and one player have to reside in a circle on his one leg only and by keeping
the balance on his one leg he has to touch other players while residing in a circle.If
the player in a circle is successful in touching another player then that player
comes in circle and becomes “Langra Sher”.
Gulli Danda This is basically a game for the boys and is the simplest version of modern
cricket. It is played with a wooden stick and 'gulli' (another small wooden piece
pointed at both the ends.) Two teams divide themselves, one throws the gulli and
the other team uses the danda- (stick) to strike it. There are various other games
that are played with Gulli Danda.
Akkar-Bakkar Akkar bakkar bombai bo assee nabay pooray sao sao kalota teetar mota
chal madaree paysa khota..
Khote Di Khteyai Bhaboo Nasi Nasi Ayi
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the rural games for kids which new generation is forgetting in the age of video games.