The history of Patiala state starts off with the ancestor of the Patiala Royal House,
Mohan Singh being harassed by neighbouring Bhullars and Dhaliwals (tappedars of the
territory). They would not allow Mohan to settle there. He was a follower of Guru
Hargobind and the Guru appealed on behalf of Mohan, but to no avail. The result was
an armed struggle and the Guru's men, who allowed Mohan to establish the Village
of Meharaj in 1627, defeated the Bhullars and Dhaliwals.
Mohan fought against the Mughals at the Battle of Mehraj 1631 on the side of Guru
Hargobind. Mohan and his eldest son Rup Chand were later killed in a fight against
the Bhatti Rajputs (who constantly harassed him). Kala, Mohan's younger son succeeded
the "chaudriyat", and was guardian to Rup Chand's sons Phul and Sandali.
When Kala died, Phul formed his own village (Phul), five miles from Meharaj (under
the blessings of Sikh Guru's) in 1663. Nabha and Jind trace their ancestry to the
devout Sikh Phul. It was one of the first Sikh Kingdoms to be formed. Apparently
the appellation of dynasty "Phulkian" is derived from their common founder. One of
his sons, Chota Ram Singh was baptized and blessed by Guru Gobind Singh. His sons
Ala Singh assumed the leadership in 1714 when Banda Bahadur was engaged in the fierce
battle against the Mughals. A man with vision and courage, Ala Singh carved out an
independent principality from a petty Zamindari of 30 villages. Under his successors,
it expanded into a large state, touching the Shivaliks in north, Rajasthan in the
south and upper courses of the Yamuna and Sutlej rivers while confronting the most
trying and challenging circumstances.
In the middle of the eighteenth century, Baba Ala Singh, unlike many of his contemporaries,
displayed tremendous shrewdness in dealing with the Mughals, Afghans and Marathas
and successfully established a state, which he had started building up from its nucleus
In 1763 Baba Ala Singh laid the foundation of the Patiala fort known as Qila Mubarak,
around which the present city of Patiala developed. After the Third Battle of Panipat
in 1761 in which the Marathas were defeated, the writ of the Afghans prevailed through
out Punjab. It is at this stage that the rulers of Patiala began to acquire ensigns
of royalty. Ahmad Shah Abdali bestowed upon Ala Singh furm and banner, and the title
of Maharaja of Patiala. After his death, his grandson Amar Singh succeeded and received
the title of Raja-I-Rajaan. He was also allowed to strike coins.
After forty years of ceaseless struggle with the Mughals, Afghans and Marathas the
borders of the Patiala state witnessed the blazing trails of Ranjit Singh in the
north and of the British in the east. Bestowed with the grit and instinct of survival,
making the right choice at the right time the Raja of Patiala entered into a treaty
with the British against Ranjit Singh in 1808, thus becoming collaborators in the
empire building process of the British in the sub-continent of India. The British
treated the rulers of Patiala, such as Karam Singh, Narinder Singh, Mahendra Singh,
Rajinder Singh, Bhupinder Singh and Yadvindra Singh with respect and dignity.
Maharaja Bhupinder Singh (Reign - 1900 to 1938) gave Patiala a prominent place on
the political map of India and in the field of international sports. This included
his dog kennels and he and the Maharaja of Jind were equally interested in a range
of dog breeds. His son Yadvindra Singh was among those Indian princes who readily
came forward to sign the Instrument of Accession, thus facilitating the process of
national integration. In recognition of his services, he was appointed the Rajpramukh
of the newly established state of Patiala and East Punjab States Union (PEPSU), from
its founding in 1948 until its merger with Punjab in 1956. The downtown area of Patiala
is Adalat Bazaar, which means 'the court corridor', because this was used as the
administrative building by one of the caretakers, before the King had reached the
age of majority. The Royal Family is Kshatriyas of the Sidhu family.
Even today, among all the major cities of Punjab, Patiala remains one of the best
places to live in and the worthiest to visit. Beyond doubt, its rich, history-laden
air and its serene and quietly gracious ambience invite all and alike to experience
it, savour it and soak it all in. Thus, visiting Patiala does not amount to merely
visiting a place; rather it means having an experience. Experiencing Patiala is experiencing
history, experiencing dignity and experiencing the former royal stature in all its
sobriety and poise.
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Banks in Patiala
Most of the banks in Patiala provide Automated teller machine facility for the convenience
of the customers. Through the ATM facility the customers can withdraw money 24 hours.
Some of the banks also offer credit card and debit card facility. The Banks also
provide loan to the agriculturists and landless agricultural laborers who need money.
Internet banking is another facility catered by the banks, which has made the whole
process of banking very convenient. Some of the banks have introduced core banking
which has resulted in the operation of banking process easier all over India.
Patiala is fast emerging as an important industrial growth centre on the industrial
map of the state. besides traditional goods, high quality and sophisticated items
are now produced including small cutting tools, power cables, Vanaspati ghee, bicycles
and agriculture implements including harvester combines and threshers, milk products,
pesticides etc. The industrial units are scattered all over the district mainly at
Rajpura, Dera bassi, Patiala, Samana and Nabha. There are large and medium industrial
units located at Rajpura producing Vanaspati ghee, power cables, bicycles and bicycle
components and at Dera bassi producing spun-yarn and alcohol. Among the small scale
industry in the district are those producing agriculture implements, rice shellers,
cutting tools, electrical goods and bakeries. There are Industrial Focal Points at
Patiala, Rajpura, Nabha and Dera bassi and three Industrial Estates at Rajpura, Patiala
Major Industrial Groups of Patiala
Milkfood Limited was set up in the year 1973 with the first Plant at Bahadurgarh
, on the Rajpura Patiala Road in the State of Punjab . The company manufactures Pure
Ghee, Skimmed Milk Powder , Whole Milk Powder, and Dairy Whitener . From the intial
installed capacity of 80 MT of milk processing per day at Patiala during 1974 the
Company at has enhanced the processing capacity from time to time and the present
milk processing capacity of all Plants is 1500 MT per day.
In the year 1987 the Company commissioned its Second Plant at Gurgoan in the State
of Haryana for the manufacture of Cultured Desserts like Long Life Yoghurts, UHT
Milk , Juices etc. and Frozen Desserts Yoghurts like Ice Creams. The Ice Cream brand
"Milkfood 100% Ice cream" still conjurs up memories even years after it's sale to
Diesel Component Works(DCW), Patiala
World's largest manufacturer of ALCO diesel loco spares such as Gears, Cams, Con
rods, Pins, Carbon Brushes etc .DMW, Patiala, formerly known as the Diesel Component
Works(DCW) was set up in October 1981 for the manufacture of diesel and electric
loco spare parts. DCW manufactures large components such as traction motors and locomotive
power packs, rebuilds engine blocks, traction generators, etc. They have more recently
been upgrading WDM-2 locos to WDM-2C class.
The Escorts Group The Escorts Group, with Escorts Limited as its flagship company,
is among India's leading corporations operating in the diverse fields of agri
machinery, telecommunications, heathcare, construction & material handling equipment,
auotmotive & railway ancillaries, information technology and financial services.
The Group has 15 modern manufacturing facilities & an extensive marketing network
spread across the country.
Phone and Communication
Patiala is connected to world through very good Landline and Wireless communication
There are various land line and Wireless Phone service providers like BSNL,Airtel,Spice,Hutch,Reliance
and Vodaphone .Most of the mobile (cell phone) services have good range in all the
The climate of this district is on the whole dry except during the brief south-west
monsoon season. The year may be divided into four seasons. The cold season is from
the middle of November to early part of March. The succeeding period upto the end
of June in the summer season, July, August and first half of September constitute
the South-West monsoon season. The period from middle September to the middle of
November is the post monsoon or transition period.
The summer season sets in April and lasts up to end of June, to be taken over by
the rainy season (during which time it becomes hot and humid). The rainy season sets
in the beginning of July and lasts up till September's end. The winter season starts
after the rains are over from October and lasts up until March's end. May and June
are the hottest months of the year in Patiala (during which time mercury is known
to cross 45 °C).