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The history of Patiala state starts off with the ancestor of the Patiala Royal House, Mohan Singh being harassed by neighbouring Bhullars and Dhaliwals (tappedars of the territory). They would not allow Mohan to settle there. He was a follower of Guru Hargobind and the Guru appealed on behalf of Mohan, but to no avail. The result was an armed struggle and the Guru's men, who allowed Mohan to establish the Village of Meharaj in 1627, defeated the Bhullars and Dhaliwals.

Mohan fought against the Mughals at the Battle of Mehraj 1631 on the side of Guru Hargobind. Mohan and his eldest son Rup Chand were later killed in a fight against the Bhatti Rajputs (who constantly harassed him). Kala, Mohan's younger son succeeded the "chaudriyat", and was guardian to Rup Chand's sons Phul and Sandali.

When Kala died, Phul formed his own village (Phul), five miles from Meharaj (under the blessings of Sikh Guru's) in 1663. Nabha and Jind trace their ancestry to the devout Sikh Phul. It was one of the first Sikh Kingdoms to be formed. Apparently the appellation of dynasty "Phulkian" is derived from their common founder. One of his sons, Chota Ram Singh was baptized and blessed by Guru Gobind Singh. His sons Ala Singh assumed the leadership in 1714 when Banda Bahadur was engaged in the fierce battle against the Mughals. A man with vision and courage, Ala Singh carved out an independent principality from a petty Zamindari of 30 villages. Under his successors, it expanded into a large state, touching the Shivaliks in north, Rajasthan in the south and upper courses of the Yamuna and Sutlej rivers while confronting the most trying and challenging circumstances.

In the middle of the eighteenth century, Baba Ala Singh, unlike many of his contemporaries, displayed tremendous shrewdness in dealing with the Mughals, Afghans and Marathas and successfully established a state, which he had started building up from its nucleus Barnala.

In 1763 Baba Ala Singh laid the foundation of the Patiala fort known as Qila Mubarak, around which the present city of Patiala developed. After the Third Battle of Panipat in 1761 in which the Marathas were defeated, the writ of the Afghans prevailed through out Punjab. It is at this stage that the rulers of Patiala began to acquire ensigns of royalty. Ahmad Shah Abdali bestowed upon Ala Singh furm and banner, and the title of Maharaja of Patiala. After his death, his grandson Amar Singh succeeded and received the title of Raja-I-Rajaan. He was also allowed to strike coins.

After forty years of ceaseless struggle with the Mughals, Afghans and Marathas the borders of the Patiala state witnessed the blazing trails of Ranjit Singh in the north and of the British in the east. Bestowed with the grit and instinct of survival, making the right choice at the right time the Raja of Patiala entered into a treaty with the British against Ranjit Singh in 1808, thus becoming collaborators in the empire building process of the British in the sub-continent of India. The British treated the rulers of Patiala, such as Karam Singh, Narinder Singh, Mahendra Singh, Rajinder Singh, Bhupinder Singh and Yadvindra Singh with respect and dignity.

Maharaja Bhupinder Singh (Reign - 1900 to 1938) gave Patiala a prominent place on the political map of India and in the field of international sports. This included his dog kennels and he and the Maharaja of Jind were equally interested in a range of dog breeds. His son Yadvindra Singh was among those Indian princes who readily came forward to sign the Instrument of Accession, thus facilitating the process of national integration. In recognition of his services, he was appointed the Rajpramukh of the newly established state of Patiala and East Punjab States Union (PEPSU), from its founding in 1948 until its merger with Punjab in 1956. The downtown area of Patiala is Adalat Bazaar, which means 'the court corridor', because this was used as the administrative building by one of the caretakers, before the King had reached the age of majority. The Royal Family is Kshatriyas of the Sidhu family.

Even today, among all the major cities of Punjab, Patiala remains one of the best places to live in and the worthiest to visit. Beyond doubt, its rich, history-laden air and its serene and quietly gracious ambience invite all and alike to experience it, savour it and soak it all in. Thus, visiting Patiala does not amount to merely visiting a place; rather it means having an experience. Experiencing Patiala is experiencing history, experiencing dignity and experiencing the former royal stature in all its sobriety and poise.

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Banks in Patiala

Most of the banks in Patiala provide Automated teller machine facility for the convenience of the customers. Through the ATM facility the customers can withdraw money 24 hours. Some of the banks also offer credit card and debit card facility. The Banks also provide loan to the agriculturists and landless agricultural laborers who need money. Internet banking is another facility catered by the banks, which has made the whole process of banking very convenient. Some of the banks have introduced core banking which has resulted in the operation of banking process easier all over India.

Major Industries

Patiala is fast emerging as an important industrial growth centre on the industrial map of the state. besides traditional goods, high quality and sophisticated items are now produced including small cutting tools, power cables, Vanaspati ghee, bicycles and agriculture implements including harvester combines and threshers, milk products, pesticides etc. The industrial units are scattered all over the district mainly at Rajpura, Dera bassi, Patiala, Samana and Nabha. There are large and medium industrial units located at Rajpura producing Vanaspati ghee, power cables, bicycles and bicycle components and at Dera bassi producing spun-yarn and alcohol. Among the small scale industry in the district are those producing agriculture implements, rice shellers, cutting tools, electrical goods and bakeries. There are Industrial Focal Points at Patiala, Rajpura, Nabha and Dera bassi and three Industrial Estates at Rajpura, Patiala and banur.



Major Industrial Groups of Patiala


Milkfood Limited

Milkfood Limited was set up in the year 1973 with the first Plant at Bahadurgarh , on the Rajpura Patiala Road in the State of Punjab . The company manufactures Pure Ghee, Skimmed Milk Powder , Whole Milk Powder, and Dairy Whitener . From the intial installed capacity of 80 MT of milk processing per day at Patiala during 1974 the Company at has enhanced the processing capacity from time to time and the present milk processing capacity of all Plants is 1500 MT per day.

In the year 1987 the Company commissioned its Second Plant at Gurgoan in the State of Haryana for the manufacture of Cultured Desserts like Long Life Yoghurts, UHT Milk , Juices etc. and Frozen Desserts Yoghurts like Ice Creams. The Ice Cream brand "Milkfood 100% Ice cream" still conjurs up memories even years after it's sale to Hindustan Lever.


Diesel Component Works(DCW), Patiala

World's largest manufacturer of ALCO diesel loco spares such as Gears, Cams, Con rods, Pins, Carbon Brushes etc .DMW, Patiala, formerly known as the Diesel Component Works(DCW) was set up in October 1981 for the manufacture of diesel and electric loco spare parts. DCW manufactures large components such as traction motors and locomotive power packs, rebuilds engine blocks, traction generators, etc. They have more recently been upgrading WDM-2 locos to WDM-2C class.


The Escorts Group
The Escorts Group, with Escorts Limited as its flagship company, is among India's leading corporations operating in the diverse fields of agri machinery, telecommunications, heathcare, construction & material handling equipment, auotmotive & railway ancillaries, information technology and financial services. The Group has 15 modern manufacturing facilities & an extensive marketing network spread across the country.

Phone and Communication

Patiala is connected to world through very good Landline and Wireless communication network.

There are various land line and Wireless Phone service providers like BSNL,Airtel,Spice,Hutch,Reliance and Vodaphone .Most of the mobile (cell phone) services have good range in all the areas.

Weather Conditions

The climate of this district is on the whole dry except during the brief south-west monsoon season. The year may be divided into four seasons. The cold season is from the middle of November to early part of March. The succeeding period upto the end of June in the summer season, July, August and first half of September constitute the South-West monsoon season. The period from middle September to the middle of November is the post monsoon or transition period.

The summer season sets in April and lasts up to end of June, to be taken over by the rainy season (during which time it becomes hot and humid). The rainy season sets in the beginning of July and lasts up till September's end. The winter season starts after the rains are over from October and lasts up until March's end. May and June are the hottest months of the year in Patiala (during which time mercury is known to cross 45 °C).