Muktsar has a proud heritage. It is known as the last battlefield of Guru Gobind
Singh, which proved to be a most decisive conflict in the military history of the
Sikhs. Literally the name of this city means "the pool of liberation". It is intimately
connected with Sikh religion . Guru Gobind Singh Ji, fought his last battle against
Mughals in 1705 A.D. at Muktsar. During fighting, 40 disciples of Guru Ji know as
‘40 Muktas’ ( 40 liberated ones ) sacrificed their lives. These 40 Sikhs were those
who insisted that Guru Ji should leave the Anandpur Sahib fort, when it was besieged
by Mughal army. Guru Ji had than asked these followers to leave him if they so desired
but they should give him in written that he is not their guru and they are not his
Sikh i.e. followers. When these Sikhs returned to their homes in Majha territory
of Punjab, they were not welcomed by family members as they had left the Guru at
time of trouble. They were overcome by shame and not in a position to face Guru Gobind
Singh Ji again. On learning that Guru Ji was in region of present Muktsar the 40
Sikhs lead by Bhai Mahan Singh and accompanied by Mai Bhago, an illustrious lady
in Sikh history, left their homes to help him. At that time Mughal army was searching
for Guru ji. A pitched battle was fought near a pond called Khidrane di Dhab. The
40 sikhs fought valiantly for guru ji and achieved martyrdom. The outcome was in
favour of Sikhs. Mughal forces failed in capturing or harming Guru Sahib and fled
from battle field. After the battle was over, Guru Ji visited the battle field. One
of the 40 Sikhs, Sardar Mahan Singh was about to die, Guru Ji took his head in his
arms and asked what did he want? Sardar Mahan Singh requested Guru Ji to tear the
paper (Bedawa), they had given to him at Anandpur Sahib ‘you are not our guru and
we are not your followers’. On this Guru Ji tore the bedawa . These 40 Sikhs were
henceforth called 40 Muktas. The city that grew at the site of the battle was called
Muktsar after them. Mela Maghi, a famous fair of Punjab, is celebrated at Muktsar
on next day after Lohri every year as a tribute to those 40 Muktsar. Muktsar and
surrounding areas of Muktsar city is intimately connected with Sikh history. Tuti
Gandi Gurudwara Sahib, Tibbi Sahib, Gurudawra Rakab sar, Gurudwara Taran Taran Sahib
are worth a visit to get a peep into the glorious era of Sikh tradition. The birthplace
of Second Guru, Guru Angad Dev ji is at Sarai Naga 15kms from Muktsar on Muktsar-
There is a beautiful old mosque called Angooran Wali maseet situated near Railway
Station at Muktsar. One historical Gurdwara Guptsar Sahib is situated at village
Chhatteana in Gidderbaha tehsilat about 24 Kms from Muktsar. Some historical Gurdwara
at Rupana, Gurusar, Faqarsar & Bhundar are situated in Muktsar district.
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Banks in Muktsar
Most of the banks in Muktsar provide Automated teller machine facility for the convenience
of the customers. Through the ATM facility the customers can withdraw money 24 hours.
Some of the banks also offer credit card and debit card facility. The Banks also
provide loan to the agriculturists and landless agricultural laborers who need money.
Internet banking is another facility catered by the banks, which has made the whole
process of banking very convenient. Some of the banks have introduced core banking
which has resulted in the operation of banking process easier all over India.
Muktsar district came up on the Map of Punjab on 7-11-1995. Economy of the distt
is based on the Agriculture. Therefore most of the industrial units have been established
based on Agriculture crops & allied activities .i.e. Rice Milling, Cotton, Ginning
& Pressing, Mustard Oils, Wheat Flour etc. Muktsar is famous for Muktsar Jutti, similarly
Gidderbaha is famous for Naswar in India. Other main industrial product s of the
district are manufacturing of Agriculture implements , Bricks, Marble product, Washing
Soap, Fertilizers, Ice, Biscuit & Bakery product, Confectionary, Candles, Fabrication
work, i.e Gates & Grills.
There are two Focal Point in the district developed by PSIEC. One Focal point At
Muktsar comprising 300 industrial plots and another Focal Point at Malout comprising
400 industrial plot.
An independent mini thermal power plant being run on agriculture waste in Mutksar
District of southwest Punjab, has motivated the local authorities to promote such
initiatives. The agriculture waste, which was earlier destroyed by Punjab farmers,
is now being utilized to generate a good income here at the mini-Thermal Power Plant.
Spread over 30 acres, this mini 6-megawatt thermal power plant generates 160,000
units of electricity everyday which is sold to Punjab State Electricity Board for
further distribution. The thermal power plant is not only helping in handling the
power crisis in the state but also generating revenue for the farmers and in providing
employment to local residents. Over 200 farmers and labourers have benefited from
this initiative.At 'Malwa Thermal Plant', the only independent power plant of Punjab,
2,500 quintals of agriculture waste are required every day to generate electricity.
For this, the by-products, sold at three dollars per quintal, are processed and placed
in a boiler to generate steam.
Famous Industrial Unit s
Malwa Thermal Plant
Satia Paper Mill Muktsar
Satia Synthetics Ltd.Lubaniawali
Roshan Cotspin Ltd. Killianwali
Phone and Communication
Muktsar is connected to world through very good Landline and Wireless communication
There are various land line and Wireless Phone service providers like BSNL,Airtel,Spice,Hutch,Reliance
and Vodaphone .Most of the mobile (cell phone) services have good range in all the
The climate of this district is on the whole dry except during the brief south-west
monsoon season. The year may be divided into four seasons. The cold season is from
the middle of November to early part of March. The succeeding period upto the end
of June in the summer season, July, August and first half of September constitute
the South-West monsoon season. The period from middle September to the middle of
November is the post monsoon or transition period.
The summer season sets in April and lasts up to end of June, to be taken over by
the rainy season (during which time it becomes hot and humid). The rainy season sets
in the beginning of July and lasts up till September's end. The winter season starts
after the rains are over from October and lasts up until March's end. May and June
are the hottest months of the year in Muktsar (during which time mercury is known
to cross 45 °C).