S.A.S. Nagar Mohali, adjacent to Chandigarh has been carved out of areas falling
in Ropar and Patiala District as 18th District of Punjab on 14th April 2006.
Mohali, a satellite town of Chandigarh, has been renamed as Sahibzada Ajit Singh
Nagar Mohali (SAS Nagar Mohali) in the memory of Sahibzada Ajit Singh. Sahibzada
Ajit Singh (1687 - 1705) was born to Mata Sundari ji at Paonta was the eldest of
Guru Gobind Singh's four sons.With his three brothers Sahibzada Jujhar Singh, Sahibzada
Zorawar Singh and Sahibzada Fateh Singh, Sahibzada Ajit Singh carried on a great
family tradition: that of attaining the status of one of the most hallowed martyrs
in Sikh history. In the prolonged siege of Anandpur in 1705, Sahibzada Ajit Singh
again displayed his qualities of courage and steadfastness. When, at last, Anandpur
was vacated on the night of 5-6 December 1705, he was given command of the rearguard.
As the besiegers, violating their solemn promises for a safe conduct to the evacuees,
attacked the column, he stoutly engaged them on a hill feature called Shahi Tibbi
until relieved by Bhai Ude Singh. Sahibzada Ajit Singh crossed the Sarsa, then in
spate, along with his father, his younger brother, Jujhar Singh, and some fifty Sikhs.
Further reduced in numbers by casualties at the hands of a pursuing troop from Ropar,
the column reached Chamkaur in the evening of 6 December 1705, and took up position
in a garhi, a highwalled fortified haveli (house). The attackers, their numbers since
swelled by reinforcements from Malerkotia, Sirhind and from among the local Ranghars
and Gujjars, soon caught up with them and threw a tight ring around Chamkaur.
An unequal but grim battle commenced with the sunrise on 7 December 1705 in the words
of Guru Gobind Singh's Zafamamah, a mere forty defying a hundred thousand (lakh).
The besieged, after they had exhausted the meagre stock of ammunition and arrows,
made sallies in batches of five each to engage the encircling host with sword and
spear. Sahibzada Ajit Singh led one of the sallies and laid down his life fighting
in the thick of the battle. He was 18 years old at the time of his supreme sacrifice
for his faith. Gurdwara Qatalgarh now marks the spot where he fell, followed by Sahibzada
Jujhar Singh, who led the next sally.
An Industrial Focal Point was carved out at S.A.S Nagar in the year 1971-72 for the
planned growth of industry. A Large number of environment friendly and pollution
free Industrial units have come up at S.A.S Nagar. Anticipating, role, this township
shall play in the modern electronics as well as Microelectronics scenario, it was
called "Electronics Township of Punjab".
The city has also carved a nitche for itself in the field of Cricket with the construction
of an ultra modern Cricket Stadium of international repute with the efforts of Punjab
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Banks in Mohali
Most of the banks in Mohali provide Automated teller machine facility for the convenience
of the customers. Through the ATM facility the customers can withdraw money 24 hours.
Some of the banks also offer credit card and debit card facility. The Banks also
provide loan to the agriculturists and landless agricultural laborers who need money.
Internet banking is another facility catered by the banks, which has made the whole
process of banking very convenient. Some of the banks have introduced core banking
which has resulted in the operation of banking process easier all over India.
Main Banks in Mohali
State Bank of Patiala.
Punjab & Sind Bank
Punjab National Bank
State Bank of India
Indian Overseas Bank
Central Bank of India.
Centurion Bank of Punjab Ltd.
HDFC Bank Ltd.
UTI Bank Ltd. (Now renamed as AXIS Bank Ltd.)
Bank of Baroda
The original plan of Mohali is in fact a mere extension of the road and design system
of Chandigarh without any unique planning . The development earlier was only till
Phase VII. The development of sectors and phases from Phase 8 onwards started in
late 1980s, and the city got its own bus stand in Phase 8 in mid 1990s. The region
has been targeted by an increasing number of outsourcing IT companies, who look to
capitalize on the rich investment opportunities the city offers.
Major Industrial Groups of SAS Nagar(Mohali)
Mohali houses many state-local companies like PTL (Punjab Tractor Limited), ICI Paints,
and the Godrej Group, its reputation as a home for large, multinational corporations
is still growing. Quark, Mohali, Infosys, the well-known Indian IT services major,
had a development center in Mohali, and is now moving to Chandigarh Technology Park,
Global tech giants like Dell, Quark, Philips, SCL (Semiconductor Complex Limited),
and PUNCOM have followed. Denver-based Quark has created the $500M, 46-acre QuarkCity
in Mohali, complete with a residential complex comprising 30% of the 'city'; the
shopping, entertainment, medical, and educational district consume another 10%. It
is expected to generate 25,000 direct, and 100,000 indirect jobs.
Airtel, has a big office in Industrial Area Mohali.Regional offices of Punjab & Haryana
circle located here. Convergys, IDS Infotech, SmartData Enterprises (I) ltd IT Outsourcing,
and other business support companies are also finding comfortable accommodation in
Mohali. Spice Telecom 's Punjab operations are headquartered in Mohali.
Ranbaxy Laboratories operates a manufacturing plant out of Mohali. Punjab Tractor
Limited manufactures India's first indeginious tractor under the brand SWARAJ. Situated
in Phase 4 Industrial Area, continues to be India's top 7 tractor company. It undertakes
three group of companies: SWARAJ MAZDA, SWARAJ ENGINES and SWARAJ AUTOMOTIVES. Reacently,
Mahindra and Mahindra has acquired 44% shares in PTL.
Fortis Healthcare Limited has also set up a Super-Specialty Hospital in Mohali. In
its recent initiatives to attract private investment to actualise the realisation
of the Mohali Master Plan, the Punjab Government has approved the Projects of many
Phone and Communication
Mohali is connected to world through very good Landline and Wireless communication
There are various land line and Wireless Phone service providers like BSNL,Airtel,Spice,Hutch,Reliance
and Vodaphone .Most of the mobile (cell phone) services have good range in all the
The climate of this district is on the whole dry except during the brief south-west
monsoon season. The year may be divided into four seasons. The cold season is from
the middle of November to early part of March. The succeeding period upto the end
of June in the summer season, July, August and first half of September constitute
the South-West monsoon season. The period from middle September to the middle of
November is the post monsoon or transition period.
The summer season sets in April and lasts up to end of June, to be taken over by
the rainy season (during which time it becomes hot and humid). The rainy season sets
in the beginning of July and lasts up till September's end. The winter season starts
after the rains are over from October and lasts up until March's end. May and June
are the hottest months of the year in SAS Nagar(Mohali) (during which time mercury
is known to cross 45 °C).