Ludhiana was a small village, which was called as Meer Hota. Later its name was changed
to Lodiana and then to Ludhiana.Sikandar Lodhi sent Yusaf and Nihang to stop the
approaching Baloachs. They crossed Sutlej and after defeating Khokhars of Doaba,
established Sultanpur Lodhi. Nihang stayed back at village Meer Hota as Naib. He
was the one who changed the name of the village to Lodiana. Later, his grandson,
Jalal Khan, built the Lodhi Fort here. His two sons Aloo Khan and Khijar Khan divided
among themselves the area around the fort but were dethroned by Babur who even demolished
The Lodi dynasty lost control of the throne of Delhi in 1526. The Mughals established
a strong government at Sirhind, which itself was a division of the Delhi .The century
and a half following the death of Akhbar (a Mughal emperor) in 1605 was dominated
by the rise of Sikhism as a power, and the decline of the Mughal empire. By this
time the Mughal empire was tottering to its fall, and various local powers began
to assert their independence. Guru Gobind Singhji traveled through Jharsahib, Machiwara,
Kanech, Alamgir, Lama Jatpura and Lakha and finally at village Dina and wrote the
famous Zafarnama in 1806.
The Rais of Raikot who until then had held a considerable tract of land around Ludhiana
in lease from the emperors were some of the first to assert their independence. Raja
Ala Singh of Patiala, the representative of the crumbling Delhi Sultanate and Rai
Kalha II were the principal actors contenders for power in the region.
In 1741, Ala Singh defeated Rai Kalha II and chased him out of the country, but he
soon recovered the territory.
Thinking to take advantage of this power struggle, Nadir Shah invaded, and crossed
the Sutlej at Ludhiana, which was then on its banks, and marched through the district
along what is now the Grand Trunk Road.
Maharaja Ranjit Singh also came to Ludhiana twice, he won the area around Sahenewal
and gifted 54 villages to Raja Bhag Singh of Jind. Diwan Mohkam Singh was made the
ruler. The Brits too, traipsed along with Capt. Akhtar loni (1809-1815), an English
political agent, followed by Capt. Maney and Sir Matton (1833-1838). After the death
of Raja Sangat Singh, the Britishers captured 80 villages and Ludhiana came under
Assistant Political Agent. During the First English-Sikh War, there were only 4,000
white soldiers. Ranjodh Singh Ladwa burnt this cantonment and looted the English
at Baddowal. At Aliwal's War, however, Henry Smith defeated Ranjodh Singh.
It was under the rule of Maharaja Ranjit Singh that the city witnessed huge progress
and a cantonment was established here. Later in the year 1805 the British army confronted
him and subsequently it came under the British rule.
Some of the noteworthy freedom fighters coming from this town are Sardar Kartar
Singh Sarabha and Maulana Habibur Rehman. The prosperity of the place can be attributed
to spirit of enterprise and business sense displayed by the people here. It is a
major textile and light engineering centre. Its hosiery goods are in great demand
in all the markets of the east and the west. It exports woolen garments, machine
tools, dyes, cycle parts, mopeds, sewing machines and motor parts to all over the
world. The famous Punjab Agricultural University is situated on the outskirts of
Ludhiana. It has a large grain market and is famous for rural Olympics. It also happens
to be an important pilgrimage center with a number of Gurudwaras located within and
around the place. Another important historical monument is the Fort of Lodhi which
is about 500 years old and was built by the Muslim ruler Sikander Lodhi along the
banks of River Sutlej.
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Banks in Amritsar
Most of the banks in Amritsar provide Automated teller machine facility for the convenience
of the customers. Through the ATM facility the customers can withdraw money 24 hours.
Some of the banks also offer credit card and debit card facility. The Banks also
provide loan to the agriculturists and landless agricultural laborers who need money.
Internet banking is another facility catered by the banks, which has made the whole
process of banking very convenient. Some of the banks have introduced core banking
which has resulted in the operation of banking process easier all over India.
Ludhiana, which has done remarkably well in the field of agriculture, is now well
on its way to rapid industrialization through coordinated development of Small, Medium
and Large scale industries. Ludhiana has a predominance of small-scale industry thanks
to the indomitable spirit and entrepreneurial skills of Punjabis. Ludhiana is universally
famous as the Manchester of India & as Industrial Capital of Small Scale Industry
in the country.
There are many large integrated knitwear factories; around 6,000 small to medium
sized knitwear factories, more than 10 big hosiery yarn mills and plenty of small
to medium sized worsted and woolen yarns. There are also firms manufacturing bicycles,
motorcycle parts, machine tools, sewing machines, generators, diesel engines, tires
& tubes, and other consumer goods. The export market in Ludhiana is worth more than
$40 million USD. Ludhiana is becoming a hub of auto parts manufacturing. Ludhiana
is home to world-renowned educational institutes Punjab Agriculture University, Dayanand
medical college, Christian medical college, Baba Jaswant Singh dental college and
multiple Engineering institutes.
Ludhiana is famous for the hosiery and woolen industry and is known as the woolen
hub for all over India. Quality of textile and woolen product manufactured in Ludhiana
is world class, which is exported to all over the world. Besides Cycle and woolen
industry, Ludhiana is also a major centre for sewing machines and cast iron & for
other foundry materials.Ludhiana also has a stock market named as L.S.E.
A range of items such as cycle and cycle parts, sewing machines and components, automobiles
parts and accessories hosiery and knitwear goods, industrial fasteners, machine tools
and components rubber goods, woolen garments, electronic goods etc. are being produced
in the small-scale sector. The industry in large and Medium sector is producing items
as bicycles, hosiery goods, vanaspati, tyres, tubes, electronic goods, steel and
alloy steel castings, beer, sugar, flour rice/rice bran oil and cattle feed etc.
Major Industrial Groups of Ludhiana
Hero Group The success of the Hero Group lies in the determination and foresight of
the Munjal brothers, who shared their vision with their workers and led the Group
to a position where its name has become synonymous with top-quality two wheelers.
The flame kindled by the Munjal brothers in 1956 with the flagship company Hero Cycles;
Mr. Satyanand Munjal, Mr. Brijmohan Lal Munjal and Mr. O. P. Munjal continue to carry
the torch and are actively involved in the day-to-day operations of the Hero Group.
The saga is being continued with the same zeal by the second and third generations
of the family and by the large working force of the Hero Group. The spirit of enterprise,
which dominates the progress of the Group, is characteristic of the land where it
all began - the City of Ludhiana, in Punjab - home to some of lndia's finest workers
Oswal Group Oswal Group is a premier Textile Group of Northern India having its Corporate
Office situated at Ludhiana, Punjab (India). The Organization has existence for last
40 years with core competency of Spinning. We were earlier part of the Vardhman Group
but after family settlement between two brothers in 2003, we have named ourselves
as Oswal Group. The Group has mainly into Spinning & Dyeing of all types of Yarn
in different blends & manufacturing of Garments. The Group has ambitious plan to
diversify in future but mainly in textiles related activities.
Nahar Group Nahar Group, established in 1949 surges ahead to establish itself as
a reputed Industrial conglomerate with a wide ranging portfolio from Spinning, Knitting,
Fabrics, Hosiery Garments to Sugar.
The group has spinning capacity of 0.4 millions spindles with turnover of $450 million
inclusive of export turnover of $115 million. The production facilities have been
awarded ISO 9002/IS 14002 Certification and Okotex Certification. The Markets of
the Nahar group are crisscrossed all over the globe. The objective is meeting the
buyer’s expectations with consistent quality backed by R&D divisions equipped with
latest equipment, cream of highly qualified technocrats adhering to timely schedules.
Avon Cycles Established half a century ago. Avon today is a household name. Consistently
providing the common man his means of transport at affordable prices, the house of
Avon has contributed their mite in satisfying his need for mobility pollution free
and user friendly.
Placed on a 75,000 square meters site in the Cycle Capital of India. Avon is a truly
integrated bicycle manufacturer rolling out an impressive 1.5 million trueborn machines
per annum: most modern plants and machinery systems, comparable to the best in the
world, make it possible.
Ralson With professional expertise and thoroughness in every operation, Ralson today
stands tall as India's largest company in the field of bicycle & Automobile tyres,
tubes and bicycle components. Ralson is the first and only Bicycle Tyre manufacturer
in India to be accredited with an ISO 9001 Certification. Led from the front by Mr.
Sanjeev Pahwa, Chairman-Cum-Director, Ralson is taping the full potential of booming
global market and the promising domestic scenario. Company's turnover has shot up
from US $ 65.27 m in 2004 surpassing the industry's annual growth rate.
Phone and Communication
Mansa is connected to world through very good Landline and Wireless communication
There are various land line and Wireless Phone service providers like BSNL,Airtel,Spice,Hutch,Reliance
and Vodaphone .Most of the mobile (cell phone) services have good range in all the
The climate of this district is on the whole dry except during the brief south-west
monsoon season. The year may be divided into four seasons. The cold season is from
the middle of November to early part of March. The succeeding period upto the end
of June in the summer season, July, August and first half of September constitute
the South-West monsoon season. The period from middle September to the middle of
November is the post monsoon or transition period.
The summer season sets in April and lasts up to end of June, to be taken over by
the rainy season (during which time it becomes hot and humid). The rainy season sets
in the beginning of July and lasts up till September's end. The winter season starts
after the rains are over from October and lasts up until March's end. May and June
are the hottest months of the year in Jalandhar (during which time mercury is known
to cross 45 °C).