Faridkot was founded by Raja Mokalsi, the grandson of Rai Munj, a Bhatti Chief of
Rajasthan and named Mokalhar after his name. A famous Sufi Saint Hazrat Baba Sheikh
Farid happened to pass through this town during the same time. Baba Farid was captured
by the soldiers of Raja Mokalsi and put to bonded labour for the ongoing construction
work of the fort at Faridkot. The basket full of earth while being carried by Baba
Farid was seen floating over his head. On seeing this miracle, Raja touched the feet
of Baba Farid and begged pardon. Baba Farid pardoned the Raja and meditated at a
place near the fort, where he penanced for forty days. From that day the name of
Mokalhar was changed to Faridkot.
The ancestor of the Faridkot principality, Bhallan was an ardent follower of Guru
Har Gobind. He helped the Guru in the battle of Mehraj. He died issueless in 1643.
Kapura, a nephew of Bhallan, succeeded him. Kapura founded the town of Kotkapura
in 1661 and was the Chaudhry of eighty-four villages. Although a Sikh he,not wanting
to earn the emity of the Mughals, did not help Guru Gobind Singh Ji in his fight
with the Mughals.
The famous last battle of Muktsar (Khidrane Di Dhaab) now a historic town, happened
after Nawab Kapura declined Guru Gobind Singh's request to use his fort to fight
the Mughal Army. Otherwise the last war between Mughals and Guru Gobind Singh Ji
was destined to happen at Kotkapura. Guru ji moved from Kotkapura to Dhilwan Kalan
from there to Talwandi sabo via Guru ki Dhab. However, later in the battle of Muktsar
in 1705, Nawab Kapura helped Guru Gobind Singh Ji in an underhand manner.
Prior to independence large part of the district was under the princely rule of Maharaja
Faridkot and later it became part of the Patiala & East Punjab States Union (PEPSU
) in 1948. Faridkot was carved out as a separate district on 7th August 1972 out
of the areas of Bathinda District (Faridkot Tehsil) and Ferozepur District (Moga
and Muktsar Tehsils). However in November 1995, the Faridkot District was trifurcated
when two of its sub divisions viz Muktsar and Moga were given the status of independent
districts. Faridkot district is slightly small in area. It is popular due to Faridkot
(City), Kotakpura and Jaito. Faridkot is well-known for Historical and religious
purposes. Positioned on the south-western corner of Punjab, Faridkot holds a total
area of 1,469 sq km. The census of 2001 reveals that while Faridkot has a total population
of 5,52,466, the sex ratio of the place is 881 females for every thousand male. 63.34%
of the population in the district is literate. Agriculture is the widely practiced
economic activity of the district. However, the place is on its threshold of becoming
an industrially developed district of Punjab.
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Banks in Faridkot
Most of the banks in Faridkot provide Automated teller machine facility for the convenience
of the customers. Through the ATM facility the customers can withdraw money 24 hours.
Some of the banks also offer credit card and debit card facility. The Banks also
provide loan to the agriculturists and landless agricultural laborers who need money.
Internet banking is another facility catered by the banks, which has made the whole
process of banking very convenient. Some of the banks have introduced core banking
which has resulted in the operation of banking process easier all over India.
Phone and Communication
Faridkot is connected to world through very good Landline and Wireless communication
There are various land line and Wireless Phone service providers like BSNL,Airtel,Spice,Hutch,Reliance
and Vodaphone .Most of the mobile (cell phone) services have good range in all the
The weather of Faridkot is very much like the other North Western cities of India.
The climate of the Faridkot District is mainly dry, characterized by a very hot summer,
a short rainy season and a bracing winter. The year may be divided into four seasons.
The cold season is from November to March. This is followed by the summer season,
which lasts up to about the end of June. The period from July to the middle of September
constitutes the southwest monsoon season. The later half of September and October
is the post-monsoon or transition period. There is no meteorological observatory
in the district. The Temperatures increase rapidly beginning with the end of March
till June, which is generally the hottest month, with the mean daily minimum temperature
about 41 degree Celsius and the mean daily minimum about 26.5 degree Celsius.