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Amritsar                   Ludhiana

Barnala                     Mansa

Bathinda                   Moga

Faridkot                    Muktsar

Fatehgarh Sahib        Nawanshahr

Ferozepur                 Patiala

Gurdaspur                 Rupnagar

Hoshiarpur                Sangrur

Jalandhar                  S.A.S. Nagar

Kapurthala                Tarn Taran

 

 

 

 

 

Districts of Punjab
Capital of Punjab

Chandigarh

About Punjab.

The word “Punjab” is made up of two Persian words -Panj- and -Aab-. Panj means five and Aab means water. This name was probably given to this land possibly in an era when this region came into close contact with Persia. The Punjab was known as land of five rivers because of the five rivers that ran through it. They are Jhelum, Ravi, Beas, Sutlej and Chenab. The Punjab covers an area of 50,362 square kilometers (19,445 square miles) .The official language is Punjabi, which is spoken by about two-thirds of the population. Many people are fluent in Hindi, English and Urdu also.

Punjab, northwestern India, is bounded on the west by Pakistan, on the north by Jammu and Kashmir, on the north east by Himachal Pradesh and on the south by Haryana and Rajasthan. Physically, the state may be divided into two parts, sub Shivalik strip and Sutlej-Ghaggar Plain. The sub-Shivalik strip covers the upper portion of Ropar, Hoshiarpur and Gurdaspur districts. The Sutlej-Ghaggar Plain embraces the other districts of the Punjab. Most of the Punjab is an alluvial plain, bounded by mountains to the North. Despite its dry conditions, it is a rich agricultural area due to the extensive irrigation made possible by the great rivers. The Indian Punjab is the wealthiest state in the country per capita, with most of the revenue generated from agriculture.
Punjab is one of the smallest states of India representing 1.6 per cent of its geographical area and 2.6 per cent of it's cropped area. Agriculture occupies the most prominent place in Punjab's economy. About 70 per cent of the people are engaged in agriculture .Although Punjabi's comprise less than 2.5% of India's population, they provide 22% of India's Wheat and 10% of its rice. The Punjab provides a third of all the milk production in India. Punjab also has a number of thriving industries including Hero Bicycles at Ludhiana.

From the travelers point of view, the area has just one attraction -the beautiful Golden Temple in Amritsar.

Punjab suffered the most destruction and damage at the time of Partition of India. Prior to partition the Punjab extended across both sides of what is now the India-Pakistan border, and its capital Lahore is now the capital of the Pakistani state of Punjab. The major city in the Punjab is Amritsar, the holy city of the Sikhs. Chandigarh, a new planned city, was conceived and built in the 1950s to serve as the capital of the new Punjab. In 1966, Punjab underwent another split. It was divided into the predominantly Sikh and Punjabi- speaking state of Punjab and the state of Haryana. At the same time some of the northern parts of the Punjab were hived off to Himachal Pradesh. Chandigarh on the border of Punjab and Haryana, remains the capital of the two states, yet is administered as a Union Territory from Delhi.

The Punjab's per capita income is nearly double the all-India average (in second place is Haryana).

 

Punjab is divided into three natural regions: The Majha, The Doaba and the Malwa.

 

MAJHA

Majha starts northward from the Right Bank of river Beas and stretches upto the Wagha village, which marks the boundary between India and Pakistan. Majha in Punjabi means the heartland. The region is divided into two districts, Amritsar and Gurdaspur.

 

DOABA

The Doaba of Punjab is bounded by the Rivers Sutlej in the south and Beas in the north. The area is divided into four districts Jalandhar, Nawanshahar, Kapurthala and Hoshiarpur named after these main towns.

 

MALWA

The area South of the river Sutlej is called Malwa. Th stuck because a clan called Molois (sometimes Malawis in ancient works) once ruled this area which have spread upto the present State of Gujrat which known as the Subah of Malwa as late as the Mughul times. Malwa the largest part of the Punjab is divided into the following 12 districts after the names of their headquarters.

Bathinda, Faridkot, Fatehgarh Sahib, Ferozepur, Ludhiana, Mansa, Moga, Muktsar, Nawan Shahar, Patiala, Ropar, Sangrur.

 

 

Capital

 

Chandigarh is one of the seven Union Territories of India and serves as a capital for two states, Punjab and Haryana. Chandigarh has two satellite cities, Panchkula and Mohali.
Chandigarh is divided into 47 self-contained sectors. Each sector of the city is designed with its own shops, academic, and health care buildings, and places of worship, open spaces, greenery and the residential areas.