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Mega serial on Maharaja Ranjit Singh
Bollywood actor Raj Babbar’s ambitious Hindi serial on the life and achievements of legendary Maharaja Ranjit Singh, which would be telecast in 52 episodes on national hook-up in coming days, has been completed with the shooting at the historical Gobindgarh Fort, heretoday.

The main attraction of the serial for the people of the holy city would be that many actors and actresses including Arvinder Bhatti, Neeta Mohindera, Anita Devgan, Hardip Gill, Pawel Sandu, Rajvinder and Surjit Dhami hail from Amritsar.


Kabootarbaazi again Education tours are the new route

The Punjabi’s lure for foreign lands often betrays signs of desperation, bordering on mania. Many skirt the law to go abroad by joining a sports team or a musical group, and then opt out to vanish making borders irrelevant. Kabootarbaazi, an euphemism for human trafficking in Punjab, has become even more ingenious. Six students from Punjab, three from a college and three from two schools of Kapurthala district, recently went on an education tour to Germany but disappeared. Educational excursions now seem to have become the latest modus operandi of overzealous Punjabis to go to foreign lands for whatever the reasons. Earlier, two students from Jalandhar and four along with a woman teacher from Hoshiarpur district were reported missing on trips to NASA, clearly without intention to embark on a journey into space.


Indian studies must be integral part of syllabi’
Dr Harish Narang, dean, Jawarhar Lal Nehru University, while inaugurating the 3-week refresher course in English organized by Academic Staff College of Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, asked the scholars and academicians of India to unite and fight for the Indian studies, which have still not been assigned their rights despite the fact that many third world countries have marched much ahead in the field of literature and literary studies.

Speaking against the foreign studies, which are still continuing to be a part of almost all the Indian universities, he asked the framers of the syllabi to incorporate Indian writings or for that matter other regional writings in the recent syllabus. He said since most of the Indian writers were as good as or even better than British writers, there should be no reason why a particular course of study should be followed even after 51 years of India’s independence from the clutches of foreigners.

He asked the academicians to hold cudgels against the teachings of foreign studies in India and wage a war beyond English. He said 75 per cent of the syllabus should bear the works of Indian, Pakistani, Australian, Nigerian, Kenian, South African writers etc. He further said the foreign studies should be given only as much due as required and there were many more current and significant issues like female foeticide, communal harmony, Hindu-Muslim Unity etc, which needed to be discussed and focussed rather than continuing with the same old books and same old foreign writers for centuries together.

School opens for special kids

UT administration has established “Prayaas”, a school in Sector 38, for children with special needs. The Indian Council for Child Welfare with a grant-in-aid from the department of social welfare, UT administration, has set up the school.

Children with severe complexes, which interfere with their ability to communicate or have difficulties in independent movement, is the focus of this institution. The school claims of specialized staff and a low teacher-student ratio of 1:10.

A special learning enhancement centre has been established for children. Facilities have been created for yoga, music therapy, dance therapy and academic education.

Revised Theory Suggests Carbon Dioxide Levels Already in Danger Zone

The authors, who include two Yale scientists, assert that to maintain a planet similar to that on which civilization developed, an optimum CO2 level would be less than 350 ppm — a dramatic change from most previous studies, which suggested a danger level for CO2 is likely to be 450 ppm or higher. Atmospheric CO2 is currently 385 parts per million (ppm) and is increasing by about 2 ppm each year from the burning of fossil fuels (coal, oil, and gas) and from the burning of forests.  

“This work and other recent publications suggest that we have reached CO2 levels that compromise the stability of the polar ice sheets,How fast ice sheets and sea level will respond are still poorly understood, but given the potential size of the disaster, I think it’s best not to learn this lesson firsthand.”
The statement is based on improved data on the Earth’s climate history and ongoing observations of change, especially in the polar regions. The authors use evidence of how the Earth responded to past changes of CO2 along with more recent patterns of climate changes to show that atmospheric CO2 has already entered a danger zone.


Controlling the flow of heat could be another way to store digital information


Someday, computers might store information using not only electric charges or magnetism, but also tiny packets of heat called phonons. Such heat-based memory is theoretically possible within the laws of physics, new research shows, and this memory would be durable and could be read without destroying the information — two key requirements for useful data storage.

Circuits based on quantum packets of heat rather than electric charges could enable computers to use waste heat — which is currently just shed to keep a processor from overheating — to perform useful computations and store information. A surge of research in the last few years on the physics of controlling the flow of heat packets has yielded designs for heat-based diodes, transistors and logic gates that perform AND, OR and NOT operations.

Unlike the electrons in an electric circuit, phonons in a thermal circuit are not actually particles. Instead, phonons are discrete units of vibration among the atoms in a solid. The stronger these vibrations are, the hotter the solid will be. In materials that conduct heat, phonons travel through the substance just as electrons travel through electrical conductors.

Concentrated heat normally tends to dissipate over time, which would seem to make heat-based memory impossible. Normally, heat flows faster when the temperature difference between two materials is greater, which is why a red-hot burner will heat a pot of water faster than a burner on medium. But the team previously showed that materials can be designed to work in the opposite way, so that a greater temperature difference causes heat to flow more slowly. This reversed response is what allows phonons at one of two temperatures — representing the “on” or “off” of digital memory — to stay at that temperature long enough to make the thermal memory useful.


Violent Video Games Affect Boys Biological Systems


In the study boys (12-15) were asked to play two different video games at home in the evening. The boys’ heart rate was registered, among other parameters. It turned out that the heart rate variability was affected to a higher degree when the boys were playing games focusing on violence compared with games without violent features. Differences in heart rate variability were registered both while the boys were playing the games and when they were sleeping that night. The boys themselves did not feel that they had slept poorly after having played violent games.

The results show that the autonomous nerve system, and thereby central physiological systems in the body, can be affected when you play violent games without your being aware of it. It is too early to draw conclusions about what the long-term significance of this sort of influence might be. What is important about this study is that the researchers have found a way, on the one hand, to study what happens physiologically when you play video or computer games and, on the other hand, to discern the effects of various types of games.

It is hoped that it will be possible to use the method to enhance our knowledge of what mechanisms could lie behind the association that has previously been suggested between violent games and aggressive behavior.


Getting the Solution Of Hair Loss

After six years of research scientists have succeeded in identifying a gene that is responsible for a rare hereditary form of hair loss known as Hypotrichosis simplex. The scientists are the first to identify a receptor that plays a role in hair growth. They now hope that their research findings will lead to new therapies that will work with various forms of hair loss.

Although Hypotrichosis simplex is very uncommon, it may prove critical in our search for an understand of the mechanisms of hair growth. The disease is inherited and affects both men and women. Sufferers generally begin to go bald during childhood. The process of hair loss (alopecia) then advances with age, especially around the scalp.

The cause of Hypotrichosis simplex in the form examined in this project is a genetic defect. It prevents certain receptor structures on the surface of hair follicle cells from being correctly formed. It has been found that when messengers from outside bind to these receptors they trigger a chain reaction in the cell interior which is apparently needed for the hair follicle to function normally. Such a receptor that plays a specific role in hair growth was previously unknown to scientists.



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Panjab University

Over the years there has been a steady progressive improvement in various areas of teaching and research and Panjab University has been playing a leading role in the academic life of our society and has been one of India’s premier universities. The level of participation we expect and the assignment we set reflect the high standard of the University. Its growth and development can be traced from its notable beginnings to today’s eminence and tomorrow,s aspirations. The University history and its distinctive qualities in areas of teaching and supervision indicates in more ways than one the contribution it has made to the intellectual life of generations of students both from India and abroad.

The University has been doing its best to restructure its existing courses, start new courses, undertake research projects and initiate new policies to meet the new challenges emerging from rapidly changing technological, socio-economic and educational environment.

The University has a coaching centre for training for IAS examination and allied services as well as other competitive examinations.