The history of Amritsar in the Vedic period was marked by the existence of a number
of Sages and Saints and the legend of Ramayana, which considers the area(Ram tirath)
to be the venue of Rishi Balmiki’s ashram and the birth place of Lavh and Kush. The
history of Amritsar points out at Greek influence on the region around 326 B.C. when
the area came under the control of Alexander. With the defeat of the Greeks, the
Mauryas annexed Amritsar, making it a part of their Empire. From the 4th century
to the 6th century the history of Amritsar came to be linked with the history of
the Gupta Empire. After a short period of rule by the Shahi Dynasty, the area came
under the control of Sultan Mahmood of Ghazni. It was from the 16th Century that
the history of Amritsar came to be linked with the Sikh Gurus and their teachings.
Sikh Guru Ram Das and his successor Guru Arjan Dev went on to create a temple around
a small pool, that had healing powers and thus the name Amritsar. Slowly with people
settling around the temple a town grew up. Over the years Amritsar underwent various
historical developments and went on to fortified by Guru Gobind Singh Ji. The history
of Amritsar during India's Freedom Movement is a story of bloody struggles.
Amritsar, home to the Golden Temple is one of the most ancient and fascinating cities
of India. It is an important seat of Sikh history and culture. Being the gateway
for travelers coming to India on the overland route from central Asia it soon became
the center of various commercial activities. There are various historical and religious
sites . The most famous of them all in the Golden Temple which was founded by the
fourth Guru of Sikhs, Guru Ramdas Ji and completed by his successor Guru Arjan Dev
ji. Another famous religious symbols is Durgiana Temple. It is sacred to the Goddess
Durga and is frequented by the devout Hindus. The temple is dedicated to goddess
Durga and dates back to 16th century. This Hindu temple also draws its share of visitors.From
the demolition of the Golden Temple to the tragedy of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre,
Amritsar has seen the worst of situations and yet emerged like a phoenix through
testing times.The Government of India is giving special attention to the development
of the infrastructure of Amritsar. Separate budgets have been made to accelerate
the growth, development and maintenance of sewage management, roads, water, and a
mass system of rapid transport transit. Modern Amritsar is witnessing a paramount
growth in the number of high rises, malls, and parks. Amritsar a dazzling showcase
of composite culture and secular heritage .It has a proud past .a glorious present
and a promising future .This most important city of Majha is a rich repository of
spiritual and national heritage, It has been hailed as the home of all virtues’(sifti
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Banks in Amritsar
Most of the banks in Amritsar provide Automated teller machine facility for the convenience
of the customers. Through the ATM facility the customers can withdraw money 24 hours.
Some of the banks also offer credit card and debit card facility. The Banks also
provide loan to the agriculturists and landless agricultural laborers who need money.
Internet banking is another facility catered by the banks, which has made the whole
process of banking very convenient. Some of the banks have introduced core banking
which has resulted in the operation of banking process easier all over India.
Amritsar holds a place of prominence in the production of woollen fabrics, like worsted,
tweeds, blankets, shawls, etc. the district holds a prominent place in the country.
Amritsar is famous for the manufacturing of fine pashmina shawls, thick serge, silk
goods and carpets. Besides the pashmina work, Amritsar is also engaged in the manufacturing
of silk goods. Carpet weaving is another industry, which is very popular in Amritsar.As
the city is the seat of the Sikh religion, thousands of pilgrims visit Amritsar every
year which was a boost for the various industries.The city is proud to have the second
largest Milk plant(Verka) in the country.
Major industries in Amritsar
Handicrafts Woolen products like blankets, sweaters, shawls etc.
Textiles - one of the oldest industries in Amritsar.
Paint Rice - Exporters of world famous brands of Basmati rice have their corporate
offices in Amritsar.
Amritsar is connected to world through very good Landline and Wireless communication
There are various land line and Wireless Phone service providers like BSNL,Airtel,Spice,Hutch,Reliance
and Vodaphone .Most of the mobile (cell phone) services have good range in all the
The weather of Amritsar is very much like the other North Western cities of India.
With extreme climatic conditions, weather of Amritsar is marked by very hot summers
and freezing cold winters.The summer season, is from the months of April to August,
is very hot and dry and the temperature may rise to an extreme of about 43 degree
Centigrade or 116 degree Fahrenheit making the weather of Amritsar a sweaty one.
During winter that is from the month of November to March the temperature falls considerably.
The temperature in the winters falls to 0 degree Centigrade and sometimes even below
that. The winter season starts after the rains are over from October and lasts up
until March's end. May and June are the hottest months of the year in Amritsar (during
which time mercury is known to cross 45 °C).